Counting from the first day of your last normal period, then pregnancy should last for about 40 weeks. The weeks are group into three trimesters. During this weeks, a mother will experience some changes and so will the unborn baby. Here is a look at what to expect.
First trimester (week 1-week 12)
There are changes your body will undergo during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The hormonal change you will go through affects almost every organ system in the body. The changes can trigger symptoms as early as the first week of pregnancy. The most visible change that shows you are pregnant is your period stopping.
Extreme tiredness and tender, swollen breasts are the other changes. In some cases, the nipples stick out. You may also experience upset stomach and sometimes throw up (morning sickness), but distaste and cravings for certain foods are inevitable. Most women will constipate, experience headaches and heartburn. During the first trimester, you should also expect to have mood swings and lose or gain weight.
As you experience these changes, you may also have to make changes to your daily routine. They include going to bed early, eating small meals or eating frequently. Fortunately, as your pregnancy progresses, you will not experience most of these discomforts. There are also other women who won’t feel any pain at all.
Second trimester (week 13-week 28)
The second trimester is easier than the first one for most women. However, it is equally important to be informed about the changes you will experience during these months. As the baby continues to grow so will your abdomen. In fact, before the end of this trimester, your baby will start moving.
As your body changes to make room for a growing baby, you will experience body aches such as thigh pain, groin, back, and abdomen. Stretch marks on your breasts, buttocks, thighs, and abdomen will also start to surface. The darkening of the skin around your nipples and the line from the belly button to pubic hair will now start being visible. Most women will also have patches of darker skin on the forehead, cheeks, upper lip or nose. These Patches often match on both sides of your face. Most mothers experience the carpal tunnel syndrome which comes out as numb or tingling hands during the second trimester. Some will swell in their fingers, ankles and face while others will have a tender abdomen, sole of the feet or palm.
Third trimester (week 29-week 40)
In this stage, you will experience a continuation of some of the discomforts in the second trimester. However, some women have difficulty in breathing and have to go to the bathroom more often than before. As a result of the pressure put on your organs by the growing baby. However, there are also other new changes you should expect.
Heartburn and swelling of the ankles, fingers, and the face will carry on to this stage. However, your tender breast may start leaking colostrum (watery pre-milk). You will have trouble sleeping, and your belly button will stick out. Contractions are also inevitable, and it is at this stage that you will feel the baby moving in the lower abdomen.
The cervix becoming thinner and softer is an indication that you are near your due date. This process helps the birth canal open during the birthing process. However, if you experience extreme changes during the three trimesters, then you should consult your doctor.