The Changes To Expect During The Different Stages Of Pregnancy

Counting from the first day of your last normal period, then pregnancy should last for about 40 weeks. The weeks are group into three trimesters. During this weeks, a mother will experience some changes and so will the unborn baby. Here is a look at what to expect.

First trimester (week 1-week 12)

There are changes your body will undergo during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The hormonal change you will go through affects almost every organ system in the body. The changes can trigger symptoms as early as the first week of pregnancy. The most visible change that shows you are pregnant is your period stopping.

Extreme tiredness and tender, swollen breasts are the other changes. In some cases, the nipples stick out. You may also experience upset stomach and sometimes throw up (morning sickness), but distaste and cravings for certain foods are inevitable. Most women will constipate, experience headaches and heartburn. During the first trimester, you should also expect to have mood swings and lose or gain weight.

As you experience these changes, you may also have to make changes to your daily routine. They include going to bed early, eating small meals or eating frequently. Fortunately, as your pregnancy progresses, you will not experience most of these discomforts. There are also other women who won’t feel any pain at all.

Second trimester (week 13-week 28)

The second trimester is easier than the first one for most women. However, it is equally important to be informed about the changes you will experience during these months. As the baby continues to grow so will your abdomen. In fact, before the end of this trimester, your baby will start moving.

As your body changes to make room for a growing baby, you will experience body aches such as thigh pain, groin, back, and abdomen. Stretch marks on your breasts, buttocks, thighs, and abdomen will also start to surface. The darkening of the skin around your nipples and the line from the belly button to pubic hair will now start being visible. Most women will also have patches of darker skin on the forehead, cheeks, upper lip or nose. These Patches often match on both sides of your face. Most mothers experience the carpal tunnel syndrome which comes out as numb or tingling hands during the second trimester. Some will swell in their fingers, ankles and face while others will have a tender abdomen, sole of the feet or palm.

Third trimester (week 29-week 40)

In this stage, you will experience a continuation of some of the discomforts in the second trimester. However, some women have difficulty in breathing and have to go to the bathroom more often than before. As a result of the pressure put on your organs by the growing baby. However, there are also other new changes you should expect.

Heartburn and swelling of the ankles, fingers, and the face will carry on to this stage. However, your tender breast may start leaking colostrum (watery pre-milk). You will have trouble sleeping, and your belly button will stick out. Contractions are also inevitable, and it is at this stage that you will feel the baby moving in the lower abdomen.

The cervix becoming thinner and softer is an indication that you are near your due date. This process helps the birth canal open during the birthing process. However, if you experience extreme changes during the three trimesters, then you should consult your doctor.

When is a C-Section Necessary, and When Is It Not?

When is a C-Section Necessary, and When Is It Not?

While most childbirths are healthy, some are not. If complications arise during pregnancy, doctors often recommend a c-section. Do not worry if you or your loved ones been advised a c-section; it’s more common than you think and safe.

What is it?

C-Section or the Cesarean delivery is one of the standard methods of delivery. The doctor takes the baby out by cutting the abdomen and uterus. The surgery is conducted for 32.7% of all births, though the rate should be around 10 to 15%. WHO releases the statistics, and it also holds the surgical process responsible for possible disability and even death for the other. The best method is the vaginal delivery where a baby is pushed out naturally from the vagina.

Cases where C-Section is required

C-Section should only occur when it is medically necessary. It is a surgery which assists the mother to have a proper delivery where there are risks with vaginal delivery or cases where it is not possible. Your doctor will determine the decision of delivery method after judging various issues and medical conditions of the mother and the baby.

C-Section should not be regularly used because of its convenience. It is only applicable when the regular delivery cannot be done. The following cases may require a C-Section for a safe delivery and promote the health of the mother and child.

Health conditions of Mother

Certain health conditions may make normal delivery difficult for you. C-Section may opt if

• Any health condition like heart problems makes vaginal delivery a risk

• You have high blood pressure where the baby needs Delivery quickly

• Vaginal birth may spread an infection like genital herpes or HIV to the baby

Position of the Baby

The position of the baby in the uterus or the placenta may make vaginal delivery dangerous. Your doctor may prescribe C-Section if:

• The position of the baby is feet first instead of head first

• There are chances of the baby going through the birth canal sideways

• There is more than one baby in your womb

• The placenta obstructs the cervix

• The umbilical cord is blocked cutting supply of oxygen while delivery

Physical conditions Deterring Standard Delivery

Your and the baby’s physical structure and shape may not be ideal for giving healthy birth. C-Section will be required when

• The baby has an amazing big head

• The mother has a narrow or fractured pelvis

• Previous C-Section incisions turn a uterus vulnerable to ruptures

• The baby cannot pass due to presence of obstructions like fibroid in birth canal

• The labor is not induced properly

• Contractions are unable to open the cervix to pass the baby through

Distressed Baby condition

Distressing conditions of the unborn child may prompt your doctor to suggest a C-Section. Babies with irregular heart rates or disrupted oxygen supply may need surgery for delivery. Such obstructions may develop when the umbilical cord goes down the cervix before the baby and gets squeezed.